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Eichmann Trial -- Session 100 -- Cross-examination of the Accused

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0087 | RG Number: RG-60.2100.167 | Film ID: 2167

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    Eichmann Trial -- Session 100 -- Cross-examination of the Accused


    Footage begins early in the Session 100. Attorney General Gideon Hausner asks the accused whether he read Friedel's report on the Bialystok matter and notes that Friedel stated that the order to liquidate the ghettos came directly from department IVB4 (00:00:45). Eichmann testifies that Bialystok was part of the incorporated Eastern Territories and his section merely had to carry out the deportations ordered by Heinrich Himmler (00:00:58). Hausner asks Eichmann to indicate on a map (hung on the wall to the left of the accused's booth) the territories incorporated into the Reich (00:02:21). Judge Landau allows the accused to move out of the booth and go over to the map. Eichmann is escorted out of the booth by guards and given a pole to indicate places on the map (00:03:15). There are shots of Eichmann pointing to the map and of the audience watching him. The camera cuts to a larger shot of the courtroom and people can be seen watching Eichmann from the balcony (00:03:41). Eichmann is unable to locate Bialystok on the map and Hausner approaches and points to the city on the map with the queue (00:05:48). The Attorney General proceeds to present two publications noting the boarder changes of Europe during World War II (00:06:21). There is a brief summary about the possession of Bialystok during the war followed by a notation by Hausner that it was not until 1942 that the Political department in concentration camps was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Economic-Administrative Head Office. Hausner further states that as far as assignments and the release of prisoners from concentration camps is concerned that responsibility stayed with the Reich Security Main Office and did not change (00:09:21). There is a technical problem with the simultaneous translation (00:14:40). Judge Landau notes the problem with the translation and the camera cuts to a shot of the technician's booth (00:15:29). The interpreter begins to translate Hausner's previous statement in German (00:15:51). The footage from the beginning of the tape until this point is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2170 (from 09:07:15 to 09:23:09).

    Footage cuts (00:16:12 to 00:16:15) A large portion of the session is skipped. The following footage is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2169 (from 00:22:30 to 00:29:14). Footage resumes with Hausner asking who handed out death sentences in Theresienstadt. The accused states that he learned from the daily report from the Jewish Council of Elders that it was the Commander of the Security Police and the SD in Prague (00:16:20 and at 00:22:34 on Tape 2169). Eichmann is then asked a series of questions regarding whether he knows any German laws which authorized the Senior Commanders of the Security Police and the SD to impose death sentences (00:17:33 and at 00:23:47 on Tape 2169), the Commander or Commandant of an extermination camp to exterminate people (00:18:36 and at 00:24:50 on Tape 2169), or Globocnik to exterminate hundreds of thousands or a quarter million people from the General Government (00:19:54 and at 00:26:08 on Tape 2169). Eichmann is also asked if he knows of any laws allowing himself to carry out deportations (00:21:04 and at 00:27:18 on Tape 2169). The accused states that he either does not know or was not involved in these matters. Hausner continues, asking the accused whether he cared if what he was doing was illegal or not (00:21:41and at 00:27:55 on Tape 2169). Eichmann replies that he did what he was ordered to do and the subject of whether or not his instructions were or were not illegal never came up in conversation.

    Footage cuts (00:24:37 to 00:24:39) A large section of the session is missing. Footage resumes near the end of the session. Hausner questions the accused about hearing, during a visit to Holland that the Reich's Commissioner wanted to take Jewish Affairs away from Willi Zöpf, Eichmann's advisor in Holland. Eichmann states that he does remember reading it in a document but not the event itself. Judge Landau notes that Holland and France have already been discussed and tells Hausner that he is afraid that cross examination could continue for several days at this pace (00:26:18). Hausner acknowledges the difficulty of cross examination and tells the judge that he will be as brief as he can. Cross examination continues with Hausner asking Eichmann about his insistence that Holland's Jewish Affairs remain under his control (00:27:28). Eichmann looks over a document presented by Hausner but the accused's answer is not given as the footage cuts.
    Film Title
    Eichmann Trial
    Event:  1961 July 18
    Production:  1961 July 18
    Jerusalem, Israel
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of The Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archives of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Director: Leo Hurwitz
    Producer: Milton Fruchtman
    Camera Operator: Rolf M. Kneller
    Camera Operator: F. Csaznik
    Camera Operator: J. Jonilowicz
    Camera Operator: J. Kalach
    Camera Operator: Emil Knebel
    Producer: Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation
    Emil Knebel was a cinematographer known for Andante (2010), Adam (1973), and Wild Is My Love (1963). He was one of the cameramen who recorded daily coverage of the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem (produced by Capital Cities Broadcasting Corp and later held academic positions in Israel and New York teaching filmmaking at universities. Refer to CV in file.

    Physical Details

    English German Hebrew
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    00:00:21:00 to 00:28:21:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2167 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2167 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2167 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2167 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 2167 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2167 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2167 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2167 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Public Domain
    Conditions on Use
    To the best of the Museum's knowledge, this material is in the public domain. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this material.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation recorded the proceedings of the Adolf Eichmann trial in 1961. The original recording was made on two-inch format videotape. One set of videotapes contained selected portions of the trial for distribution to television stations. The "selected portions" version remained in Israel and was later turned over to the Israel State Archives. Capital Cities Broadcasting retained the set of videotapes containing the complete trial proceedings at offices in New York City until 1965, when they gave the videotapes to the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. The Anti-Defamation League, in turn, gave the complete set to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1972. With a grant from the Revson Foundation, Hebrew University transferred the two-inch videotapes to U-Matic format. During the transfer process, Hebrew University created three duplicate sets. One set was given to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive, one to the Israel State Archives, and one set to the Jewish Museum in New York City. In 1995, the Israel State Archives transferred the trial footage to digital videoformat with a grant from the Israeli Prime Minister's Office. Three subsequent digital videotape copies resulted from this transfer of footage. The Israel State Archives retained one digital copy and a second set was deposited at the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the third set of digital videotapes in May 1999.
    See official transcripts, published in "The Trial of Adolf Eichmann", Vol. I-V, State of Israel, Ministry of Justice, Jerusalem, 1994. Also available online at the Nizkor Project.
    Copied From
    2" Quad
    Film Source
    Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2437
    Source Archive Number: VTEI 349
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:30:53
    This page:

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