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Eichmann Trial -- Session 104 -- Cross-examination of the Accused

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0087 | RG Number: RG-60.2100.183 | Film ID: 2183

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    Eichmann Trial -- Session 104 -- Cross-examination of the Accused


    The footage begins near the middle of Session 104, with Eichmann reading portions of statements from the Wilhelm Sassen document about congratulations Eichmann received for the foot march [death march] which occurred in November of 1944. Some 70,000 men, women, and children were forced to march from Budapest to Vienna. Some of this footage is duplicated on Tape 2181 (at 00:40:35). Eichmann is then asked to describe his role in the implementation of the foot march, which he insists was technical (00:12:55). The camera switches between Eichmann and the civilians sitting in the courtroom.

    The footage is cut at points in the translation of Eichmann's statement. There is a slate from 00:16:10 to 00:16:48. At 00:16:52, the time code jumps to 12:49:53. After the translation, Attorney General Gideon Hausner questions Eichmann about who was the originator of the proposal for the foot march. Eichmann is then asked whether he remembered watching the march and the presence of children and elderly persons. Judge Landau asks for a recess and people stand, the judges exit, and Eichmann is escorted out. People talk and file out of the courtroom.

    A slate indicates the trial date and session time. Eichmann's defense lawyer, Dr. Robert Servatius, enters and sets things on his desk. Eichmann, escorted by guards, enters the booth. All rise as the judges enter (13:01:39). Hausner asks Eichmann if he knew whose house he occupied in Budapest, whether Jews worked on the property, if he had an amphibious vehicle, and whether he was aware of an incident in which a Jewish boy was beaten to death for stealing fruit (13:05:23). This section is duplicated on Tape 2182 (00:07:00- 00:11:07).

    Eichmann is asked to identify a picture of his assistant, Novak. He is questioned about the establishment of a Gestapo unit in the near East with the aid of the Mufti [Grand Mufti Hajj Amin al Husseini], a Palestinian nationalist who rejected Zionist political ambitions in Palestine and had close ties with the Nazi party. The appointment of Wisliceny as an advisor to Husseini is also discussed (13:12:47). Eichmann is asked about the his relationship with Kaltenbrunner and with Kraus and whether he recommended that Kaltenbrunner promote Kraus.

    The rest of the segment concerns the "camouflage" of Jewish affairs in Slovakia (13:25:59). Hausner accuses Eichmann of foiling attempts made by the Slovakian government to visit their deported Jews and of taking the Red Cross representatives in June 1944 to Theresienstadt, a camp which was "beautified" prior to a Red Cross visit, in an elaborate attempt to hide the truth about the deportations and terrible conditions of the camps (13:28:48). Hausner turns to the previous day's testimony, which covered a meeting Eichmann held in March 1944. At the meeting he assured the Jews that nothing would happen to them upon deportation. Hausner accuses him of lying, stating that he knew they were being sent to Auschwitz (13:31:12). This last segment is duplicated on Tape 2184 (00:00:44). The footage ends as Hausner asks Eichmann to read from the Sassen document.
    Film Title
    Eichmann Trial
    Event:  1961 July 20
    Production:  1961 July 21
    Jerusalem, Israel
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of The Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archives of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Director: Leo Hurwitz
    Producer: Milton Fruchtman
    Camera Operator: Rolf M. Kneller
    Camera Operator: F. Csaznik
    Camera Operator: J. Jonilowicz
    Camera Operator: J. Kalach
    Camera Operator: Emil Knebel
    Producer: Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation
    Emil Knebel was a cinematographer known for Andante (2010), Adam (1973), and Wild Is My Love (1963). He was one of the cameramen who recorded daily coverage of the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem (produced by Capital Cities Broadcasting Corp and later held academic positions in Israel and New York teaching filmmaking at universities. Refer to CV in file.

    Physical Details

    English German Hebrew
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    00:00:28:00 to 13:33:25:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2183 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2183 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2183 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2183 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 2183 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2183 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2183 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2183 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Public Domain
    Conditions on Use
    To the best of the Museum's knowledge, this material is in the public domain. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this material.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation recorded the proceedings of the Adolf Eichmann trial in 1961. The original recording was made on two-inch format videotape. One set of videotapes contained selected portions of the trial for distribution to television stations. The "selected portions" version remained in Israel and was later turned over to the Israel State Archives. Capital Cities Broadcasting retained the set of videotapes containing the complete trial proceedings at offices in New York City until 1965, when they gave the videotapes to the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. The Anti-Defamation League, in turn, gave the complete set to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1972. With a grant from the Revson Foundation, Hebrew University transferred the two-inch videotapes to U-Matic format. During the transfer process, Hebrew University created three duplicate sets. One set was given to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive, one to the Israel State Archives, and one set to the Jewish Museum in New York City. In 1995, the Israel State Archives transferred the trial footage to digital videoformat with a grant from the Israeli Prime Minister's Office. Three subsequent digital videotape copies resulted from this transfer of footage. The Israel State Archives retained one digital copy and a second set was deposited at the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the third set of digital videotapes in May 1999.
    See official transcripts, published in "The Trial of Adolf Eichmann", Vol. I-V, State of Israel, Ministry of Justice, Jerusalem, 1994. Also available online at the Nizkor Project.
    Copied From
    2" Quad
    Film Source
    Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2458
    Source Archive Number: VTEI 214
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:43:40
    This page:

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