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Eichmann Trial -- Session 93 -- Cross-examination of the Accused

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0087 | RG Number: RG-60.2100.139 | Film ID: 2139

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    Eichmann Trial -- Session 93 -- Cross-examination of the Accused


    Footage begins in the middle of Session 93. Hausner questions the accused about the implementation of the Final Solution following the Wannsee Conference. Eichmann is asked whether, once orders had arrived from Reinhard Heydrich, the Final Solution could be carried out, dependent only upon the availability of places for the deported Jews at camps in the East and the number of trains needed to carry out deportations. This is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2138 (at 01:00:38) and Tape 2140 (at 00:03). The footage on Tape 2138 is less complete. Eichmann disputes Hausner's characterization and states that in addition to these two factors, each wave of deportations had to be specifically ordered by his superiors (00:02:25). Eichmann gives an insufficient answer to Hausner's question and Presiding Judge Moshe Landau repeats the Attorney General's question (00:03:39). Hausner presents a document issued by the accused's section, IVB4, after the Wannsee Conference, which indicates that the deportations to the East which had already been carried out were the beginning of the Final Solution (00:06:43). There is a brief discussion between Hausner and Judge Halevi regarding this document (00:10:44) and the footage resumes with Hausner referring to a section of the document in which it states that the two factors necessary for the implementation of the Final Solution have been secured (00:13:11). Eichmann recounts orders he received from Heinrich Müller to go to France and oversee the deportation of 130,000-150,000 Jews as directed by Heinrich Himmler. Hausner reminds the accused that this is the only document in which he specifically refers to carrying out orders from Müller (00:16:21), and asks whether this can be seen as an indication that Eichmann was in other cases operating under his own authority and not under Mülller's orders. The Attorney General charges that Eichmann did everything in his power to prevent any Jews from escaping the Final Solution (00:22:07).

    Eichmann is then asked a series of questions about his involvement in deporting the French Jews who tried to escape to Switzerland (00:26:33), mentioning in particular the case of Max Golub. During this section of footage Hausner yells his questions at the accused, becoming more agitated as Eichmann denies responsibility. The case of Karl Heinz Klinger is presented (00:34:13). When Klinger escaped to Budapest Eichmann contacted the Foreign Ministry and asked for the man to be extradited. The footage concerning Klinger is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2140 (at 00:14:21). Judge Halevi questions the accused about Max Golub and whether there was an intelligence network actively looking for escapees. Eichmann denies the existence of such an organization within his section. Eichmann is then questioned by Hausner about his involvement in ordering the deportation of the Norwegian Jews to whom the Swedish government had agreed to grant Swedish citizenship (00:42:05) and the Poles who escaped to Romania (00:44:37). Judge Landau calls for a recess and all rise (00:47:25) as the judges exit. Eichmann is shown leaving the booth (00:47:41). There are various shots of the counselors for the defense and prosecution and the audience.
    Film Title
    Eichmann Trial
    Event:  1961 July 12
    Production:  1961 July 12
    Jerusalem, Israel
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of The Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archives of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Director: Leo Hurwitz
    Producer: Milton Fruchtman
    Camera Operator: Rolf M. Kneller
    Camera Operator: F. Csaznik
    Camera Operator: J. Jonilowicz
    Camera Operator: J. Kalach
    Camera Operator: Emil Knebel
    Producer: Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation
    Emil Knebel was a cinematographer known for Andante (2010), Adam (1973), and Wild Is My Love (1963). He was one of the cameramen who recorded daily coverage of the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem (produced by Capital Cities Broadcasting Corp and later held academic positions in Israel and New York teaching filmmaking at universities. Refer to CV in file.

    Physical Details

    English German Hebrew
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    00:00:35:00 to 00:48:54:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2139 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2139 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2139 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2139 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 2139 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2139 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2139 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2139 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Public Domain
    Conditions on Use
    To the best of the Museum's knowledge, this material is in the public domain. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this material.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation recorded the proceedings of the Adolf Eichmann trial in 1961. The original recording was made on two-inch format videotape. One set of videotapes contained selected portions of the trial for distribution to television stations. The "selected portions" version remained in Israel and was later turned over to the Israel State Archives. Capital Cities Broadcasting retained the set of videotapes containing the complete trial proceedings at offices in New York City until 1965, when they gave the videotapes to the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. The Anti-Defamation League, in turn, gave the complete set to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1972. With a grant from the Revson Foundation, Hebrew University transferred the two-inch videotapes to U-Matic format. During the transfer process, Hebrew University created three duplicate sets. One set was given to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive, one to the Israel State Archives, and one set to the Jewish Museum in New York City. In 1995, the Israel State Archives transferred the trial footage to digital videoformat with a grant from the Israeli Prime Minister's Office. Three subsequent digital videotape copies resulted from this transfer of footage. The Israel State Archives retained one digital copy and a second set was deposited at the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the third set of digital videotapes in May 1999.
    See official transcripts, published in "The Trial of Adolf Eichmann", Vol. I-V, State of Israel, Ministry of Justice, Jerusalem, 1994. Also available online at the Nizkor Project.
    Copied From
    2" Quad
    Film Source
    Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2407
    Source Archive Number: VTEI 226
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:32:10
    This page:

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