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Eichmann Trial -- Session 95 -- Cross-examination of the Accused

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0087 | RG Number: RG-60.2100.148 | Film ID: 2148

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    Eichmann Trial -- Session 95 -- Cross-examination of the Accused


    Footage begins near the end of Session 95. Judge Halevi asks the accused whether Gerhard Boldt, a critic of Hitler, had broken his oath of loyalty by writing after Hitler's death. Eichmann states that he did not but notes that he felt that Boldt had because he criticized Hitler during the war (00:02:06). Halevi continues by asking Eichmann if one is released from their oath of loyalty after Hitler's death (00:03:10). Footage cuts 00:03:33 to 00:04:17. Halevi's question about being released from one's oath is repeated and footage continues without missing any of the session. The accused replies in the affirmative stating that he is also released from his oath (00:04:40). This entire beginning section (00:00:41 to 00:05:16) is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2147 (00:03:08-00:04:41).

    Footage cuts 00:05:17. A small portion of the session is skipped. Footage resumes with Hausner telling the accused that he can not evade his questions regarding this feelings towards the extermination process and those involved. Eichmann replies that it depends on the individual involved and that it is not up to him to pass judgment on others who received these orders. This is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2147 (from 00:11:30 to 00:12:34). The footage on Tape 2147 is more complete.

    Footage cuts 00:07:33. The footage skips part of the session to Judge Halevi questioning the accused about how he felt in the past towards the extermination of the Jews. Eichmann gives a long reply that he was terribly shocked by the murder of the Jews and had asked repeatedly to be released from his duties. He goes on to state that he never thought that the solution to the Jewish question was justified but was unfortunately bound by his oath of loyalty (00:07:39 the translation into Hebrew and English begins at 00:11:12). This is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2147 (from 00:19:21 to 00:26:54).

    Footage continues with Hausner accusing Eichmann of never attempting to get out of his duties (00:14:59) and reads an excerpt, in German, from the Sassen document (00:15:26). The Sassen document was comprised of a set of tapes and their transcripts of interviews between Adolf Eichmann and Willem Sassen. Sassen, Dutch by birth, was attached to an Einsatzgruppen unit during the war. Sentenced to death in his own country, Sassen fled after the war to South America where he met Eichmann. Their interview over a four month period in 1957 became the Sassen Document used in the trial. Eichmann denies this claim and states that he asked his superiors several times to be released from his duties (00:15:45). Hausner tells Eichmann that he told Sassen that he never tried to get out of his position and that he was aware of the statement having reviewed the tapes and transcripts. Eichmann is asked to read a portion of the document and is shown reading (00:17:53 to 00:18:07). There is some confusion regarding this document because the accused reads from the wrong section. Eichmann finally reads the correct portion of the document out loud (00:20:43). Again Eichmann denies having review or received the portion of transcripts he has just read. Defense counsel Robert Servatius asks the court that the accused be allowed to read a portion of handwritten notes from the document (00:25:57). Eichmann reads from the document (00:26:25).

    Judge Landau asks to end the session (00:29:20) and all rise as the judges exit the courtroom (00:29:24). Eichmann is shown leaving the booth (00:29:40). There are various shots of the audience leaving the courtroom.
    Film Title
    Eichmann Trial
    Event:  1961 July 13
    Production:  1961 July 13
    Jerusalem, Israel
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of The Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archives of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Director: Leo Hurwitz
    Producer: Milton Fruchtman
    Camera Operator: Rolf M. Kneller
    Camera Operator: F. Csaznik
    Camera Operator: J. Jonilowicz
    Camera Operator: J. Kalach
    Camera Operator: Emil Knebel
    Producer: Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation
    Emil Knebel was a cinematographer known for Andante (2010), Adam (1973), and Wild Is My Love (1963). He was one of the cameramen who recorded daily coverage of the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem (produced by Capital Cities Broadcasting Corp and later held academic positions in Israel and New York teaching filmmaking at universities. Refer to CV in file.

    Physical Details

    English German Hebrew
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    00:00:41:00 to 00:31:10:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 2148 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2148 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2148 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
      Master 2148 Video: Digital Betacam - NTSC - large
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 2148 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2148 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2148 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 2148 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Public Domain
    Conditions on Use
    To the best of the Museum's knowledge, this material is in the public domain. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this material.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    Capital Cities Broadcasting Corporation recorded the proceedings of the Adolf Eichmann trial in 1961. The original recording was made on two-inch format videotape. One set of videotapes contained selected portions of the trial for distribution to television stations. The "selected portions" version remained in Israel and was later turned over to the Israel State Archives. Capital Cities Broadcasting retained the set of videotapes containing the complete trial proceedings at offices in New York City until 1965, when they gave the videotapes to the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. The Anti-Defamation League, in turn, gave the complete set to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1972. With a grant from the Revson Foundation, Hebrew University transferred the two-inch videotapes to U-Matic format. During the transfer process, Hebrew University created three duplicate sets. One set was given to the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive, one to the Israel State Archives, and one set to the Jewish Museum in New York City. In 1995, the Israel State Archives transferred the trial footage to digital videoformat with a grant from the Israeli Prime Minister's Office. Three subsequent digital videotape copies resulted from this transfer of footage. The Israel State Archives retained one digital copy and a second set was deposited at the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the third set of digital videotapes in May 1999.
    This tape contains parts of Session 95. The master tape indicates that Session 96 is also on this tape, however this is not the case.

    See official transcripts, published in "The Trial of Adolf Eichmann", Vol. I-V, State of Israel, Ministry of Justice, Jerusalem, 1994. Also available online at the Nizkor Project.
    Copied From
    2" Quad
    Film Source
    Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2417
    Source Archive Number: VTEI 242
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:43:59
    This page:

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