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Bent pipe with a briar bison shaped bowl used by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.4

Bent pipe with a carved briar wood buffalo shaped bowl made in Italy and used by Edward Herzbaum, a soldier in the 5th Krestowa, 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. Edward, age 19, left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 for Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was exiled to a gulag by Soviet security police. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released in an amnesty of Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Forces of the East, known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps. In February 1944, they joined the British 8th Army in Italy. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for its heroism in the Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on May 7, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother died in Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

use:  after 1944
manufacture: Italy
Object Type
Tobacco pipes (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2023-08-25 12:47:45
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