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Watercolor of rocky snow covered mountains by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.88

Watercolor of a craggy, snow covered mountain in Castrocaro painted by Edward Herzbaum in March 1945 while a soldier in 2nd Corps, British Army. Edward, 19, left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Germany occupied the country in September 1939 for Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was exiled to a gulag by Soviet security police. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released in an amnesty of Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps. In February 1944, they joined the 8th British Army in the Italian Campaign. The unit fought its way north and was honored for bravery in the 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on VE Day, in May 8, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then worked for two years with the Polish Resettlement Corps and completed his architectural degree.

Artwork Title
Snow Covered Mountains, Castrocaro, Italy, March 1945
creation:  1945 March
creation: Castrocaro Terme (Italy)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2023-08-25 12:47:48
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