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Ink illustration of a British encampment by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.79

Ink illustration of a few simple buildings and a truck under a black sky created by 24 year old Edward Herzbaum in 1944, possibly for the Polish soldier's magazine, "Uwaga Nadchodzi!." Edward was a soldier in the 5th Kresowa Infantry Division, 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. Edward, age 19, left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army, a volunteer Polish military unit formed by Generals Sikorski and Anders per agreement with Stalin. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the 8th British Army in the Italian Campaign. They fought their way north and were honored for their bravery in the May 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy in May 1945 when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He resumed the study of architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years.

Artwork Title
Camp at Night
creation:  1944-1944
creation: Italy
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2023-08-25 12:47:47
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