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Muted watercolor of an Italian castle seen from offshore created by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.100

Impressionistic watercolor of a castle on the shoreline near San Severo, Italy, created by Edward Herzbaum in June 1945 when he travelled around Italy after the war before studying architecture in Rome. During World War II, Edward served in the Polish Army of the East, which became the Second Polish Corps, British Army. See 2012.471.96, .97, and 101 for other versions of this palace. Edward, 19, left Lodz, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part of an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army, a volunteer Polish military unit formed by General Anders per agreement with Stalin. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps in the British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the British 8th Army in the Italian Campaign. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for bravery in the May 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on VE Day, May 8, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Lodz Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to emigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
San Severo castle from the Sea, June 1945
Date
1945 June  (creation)
Geography
depiction : San Severo (Foggia, Italy)
Language
Italian
Classification
Art
Category
Paintings
Object Type
Seascapes (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:26:50
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn61278