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Watercolor of receding green mountains under a blue sky by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.35

Watercolor of three dark green mountain ranges against a light blue sky painted by 22 year old Edward Herzbaum in August 1942 in Khanaqin, Iraq. Edward had travelled south with the Polish Armed Forces of the East, later the 2nd Polish Corps, from the Soviet Union to British territory in Iraq. Edward, 19, left Lodz, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part of an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He joined the Polish Army of the East, a newly formed volunteer Polish force known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps in the British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the 8th British Army in the Italian Campaign. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for heroism in the 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on May 7, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Lodz Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to emigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
Cascading Hills, Khanaqin, Iraq, August 1942
Date
1942 August  (creation)
Geography
creation : Khanaqin (Iraq)
Language
Polish
Classification
Art
Category
Paintings
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:07:08
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn61247