Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Drawing of timbered cathedral ceiling by Jewish veteran, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.137

Watercolor of a Gothic cathedral with a wooden ceiling created by Edward Herzbaum in August 1949. It may be Peterborough in England which he visited at that time, or another timber ceiling cathedral in the region, such as Ely. During World War II, Edward was a soldier in the Polish Army of the East, which became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. Edward, 19, left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 for Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was exiled to a gulag by Soviet security police. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released in an amnesty of Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps. In February 1944, they joined the British 8th Army in Italy. The Corps fought their way north and was honored for its heroic service in the May 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on VE Day, May 8, 1945, the war's end. Edward learned that his mother had died in Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
Cathedral Apse with a Wooden Ceiling, August 1949
creation:  1949 August
creation: Great Britain
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2021-03-01 11:06:19
This page: