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Double sided portrait sketch of a man reading a paper by a Jewish veteran, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.117

Two sided sketch of a man with glasses created by Edward Herzbaum whle traveling in northern Europe in 1949. During World War II, Edward had served as a soldier from 1941-1945 in the Polish Army of the East, which became the 5th Kresowa, 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. Edward, 19, left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part of an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army, a volunteer Polish military unit. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the British 8th Army in the Italian Campaign. The Corps fought their way north and was honored for heroism in the May 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on May 7, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
Man with Glasses Reading Paper, September 1949
creation:  approximately 1949 August
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2021-03-08 15:47:39
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