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Small sketch of a bear drawn by a Jewish veteran, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.122

Small realistic sketch of a bear created by Edward Herzbaum in 1949 while travelling in Europe. During World War II, Edward was a soldier from 1941-1945 in the Polish Army of the East, which became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. Edward, 19, left Lodz, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part of an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army, a volunteer Polish military unit. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the British 8th Army in the Italian Campaign. The Corps fought their way north and was honored for its heroic service in the May 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on May 7, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Lodz Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to emigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
Small sketch of a Bear, September 1949
approximately 1949
Object Type
Wildlife art (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
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Record last modified: 2019-02-11 06:58:05
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