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Poland military patch worn by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.12

Poland military uniform patch issued to Edward Herzbaum, a soldier in the Polskie Siły Zbrojne, 5 Kresowa Dywizja Piechoty [Polish Armed Forces, 5th Kresowa Infantry Division], 2nd Polish Corps, British Army, from 1942-1945. When Edward was 19, he left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 for Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was exiled to a gulag by Soviet security police. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released in an amnesty of Polish prisoners. He joined the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they joined the British 8th Army in Italy. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for heroism in the Battle of Monte Cassino. They celebrated VE Day, May 8, 1945, in Italy. Edward learned that his mother died in Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years, completed his degree, and eventually set up his own architecture firm.

use:  approximately 1942-1945
Military Insignia
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2023-08-25 12:47:45
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