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Drawing of a shaggy camel with pack created by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.26

Black ink drawing of a camel created by 22 year old Edward Herzbaum in Kyrgyzstan in February 1942. It was one of the first works he drew following his release from a Soviet labor camp and his voluntary enlistment in the Polish Armed Forces of the East, later the 2nd Polish Corps. Edward, age 19, left Lodz, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part of an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the new voluntary army, known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the 8th British Army in the Italian Campaign. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for heroism in the 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on VE Day, May 8, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Lodz Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to emigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
A Shaggy Camel in Kyrgyzstan, February 1942
Date
1942 February  (creation)
Geography
creation : Blagoveshchenskoye (USSR) (historic); Blagoveshenka (Kyrgyzstan)
Language
Polish
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Object Type
Wildlife art (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:26:53
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn61259