Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Watercolor of tents in a forest clearing by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.116

Watercolor of two large white tents viewed against a green forest backdrop painted by Edward Herzbaum, probably in 1945 in Italy. Edward was a soldier in the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army, which fought with the British 8th Army in the Italian campaign. The Corps led the mountain assault in the May 1944 victory at Monte Cassino, a four month struggle that had stalemated the Allies's northern advance. Edward, 19, left Lodz, Poland, shortly after Germany occupied the country in September 1939 for
Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was exiled to a gulag by Soviet security police. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released in an amnesty of Polish forced laborers. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps. In February 1944, they joined the 8th British Army in Italy. They fought their way north and were in Italy on May 7, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in Lodz Ghetto in 1943. He resumed the study of architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to emigrate to England in October 1946. He then worked for two years with the Polish Resettlement Corps and completed his architectural degree.

Artwork Title
Pitched Army Tents in a Forest, 1945
1945  (creation)
creation : Italy
Object Type
War in art (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Expand all
Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:07:07
This page: