Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Sketchbook with studies of architecture and human figures by a Jewish veteran, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.166

Oversize sketchbook with 17 pages of gesture drawings of male and female nudes as well as architectural studies created by Edward Herzbaum in September 1949 in France where the notebook was purchased. During the war, Edward was a soldier in the 5th Kresowa, 2nd Polish Corps, British Army, 1942-1945. When Edward was 19, he left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 for Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was exiled to a gulag by Soviet security police. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released in an amnesty of Polish prisoners. He joined the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they joined the British 8th Army in Italy. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for heroism in the Battle of Monte Cassino. They celebrated VE Day, May 8, 1945, in Italy. Edward learned that his mother died in Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years, completed his degree, and eventually set up his own architecture firm.

Artwork Title
Sketchbook with Architectural Studies and Life Drawings, 1949
creation:  1949 August
creation: Paris (France)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2021-03-01 10:50:23
This page: