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Pencil drawing of four uniformed soldiers smoking on a ship deck by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.111

Pencil drawing of a four uniformed soldiers gathered on a ship deck with a lifeboat suspended overhead created by 26 year old Edward Herzbaum on November 1, 1946, during the voyage from Italy to England with other veterans of the 2nd Polish Corps. The Corps, a unit of the British Army, was in Italy when the war ended May 7, 1945. In October 1946, the British government finally granted the veterans permission to emigrate to England. Edward had served as a soldier in the 5th Kresowa Infantry Division. Edward, age 19, left Lodz, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army, a volunteer Polish military unit formed by General Anders per agreement with Stalin. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the 8th British Army in the Italian Campaign. The unit fought its way north and was honored for heroism in the May 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Lodz Ghetto in 1943. After the war, he studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to emigrate to England where he served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
Soldiers at leisure, deck of the SS Marine Raven, November 1, 1946
Date
1946 November 01  (creation)
Geography
depiction : SS Marine Raven (Ship); Gibraltar
Language
English
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:26:51
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn61292