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Humorous drawing of an English officer and Soviet soldiers by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.115

Cartoon style drawing of a British officer in conversation with his orderly in front of a group of soldiers created by Edward Herzbaum, possibly in spring 1945. The armed and uniformed troop wear overcoats and have cap badges with a 5-pointed star. The drawing comments on the cultural clash between the British and their new Soviet allies circa mid-1941. Edward, 19, left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part of an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army, a volunteer unit formed by General Anders per agreement with Stalin. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the 8th British Army in the Italian Campaign. The unit fought its way north and was honored for bravery in the May 1944 victory at Monte Cassino. The unit was in Italy on VE Day, May 8 1945. Edward learned that his mother died in the Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then worked for two years with the Polish Resettlement Corps and completed his architectural degree.

Artwork Title
Culture Clash, c. 1945
creation:  approximately 1945
depiction:  approximately 1942
Object Type
Cartoons (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2021-03-01 10:50:38
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