Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Drawing of a donkey with pack and guide in the mountains created by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.78

Black ink drawing of a donkey with a bundle of cotton and its driver created by 24 year old Edward Herzbaumn in Italy around 1944 for a Polish soldiers' magazine, "Uwaga Nadchodzi!." It is based upon his experiences in Kyrgyzstan around February 1942. He arrived there shortly after his release from a Soviet labor camp and his voluntary enlistment in the Polish Armed Forces of the East, later the 2nd Polish Corps. Edward, 19, left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part of an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, know as Anders Army, a newly formed volunteer unit commanded by General Anders. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps in the British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the 8th British Army in the Italian Campaign. They fought their way north and were honered for their bravery in the May 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy in May 1945 when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He resumed the study of architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years.

Artwork Title
Donkey and Driver in Blagoveshchenskoye, February 1942
creation:  1944
depiction:  1942 February
depiction: Blagoveshchenskoye (USSR) (historic); Blagoveshenka (Kyrgyzstan)
creation: Italy
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2023-08-25 12:47:47
This page: