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Self-portrait in uniform and beret with pipe created by a young Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.114

Pen and ink wash self-portrait with two images recalling wartime memories drawn by 25 year old Edward Herzbaum in 1946. Edward was a soldier in the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army, from 1941-1945. Edward, 19, left Lodz, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part of an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army, a volunteer Polish military unit formed by General Anders per agreement with Stalin. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps in the British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the British 8th Army in the Italian Campaign. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for its heroism in the May 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on VE Day, May 8, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Lodz Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to emigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
Pr. Edward Herzbaum in the early days of the 2nd World War
Date
1946-1946 September  (creation)
Geography
creation : Italy
Language
Polish
Classification
Art
Category
Paintings
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:26:51
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn61284