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Virtuti Militari - Wound Badge ribbon with star awarded to a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.22

Virtuti Militari black and blue ribbon bar, or undress ribbon, with one star awarded to Edward Herzbaum, a soldier in the 5th Kresowa Infantry Division, 2nd Polish Corps, British Army, from 1942-1945. The single star recognizes that the awardee was wounded once in combat. When Edward was 19, he left Lodz, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 for Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was exiled to a gulag by Soviet security police. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released in an amnesty of Polish prisoners to fight the Germans. He joined the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps. In February 1944, they joined the British 8th Army in Italy. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for heroism in the Battle of Monte Cassino. They celebrated VE Day, May 8, 1945, in Italy. Edward learned that his mother died in Lodz Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to emigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years, completed his degree, and set up his own architecture firm.

Date
approximately 1944-1945  (commemoration)
Geography
issue : Poland
Classification
Military Insignia
Category
Medals
Object Type
Medals, Polish (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
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Record last modified: 2018-12-06 14:09:38
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn61171