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Polish paratrooper badge given to a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.8

Polish paratrooper diving eagle clutchback badge earned by Polish soldier Andrzej Służewski (later Andrew Sluzewski), and given to fellow 2nd Polish Corps soldier Edward Herzbaum (later Hartry) after World War II. Edward served as a soldier in the Polish Armed Forces, 5th Kresowa Infantry Division, 2nd Polish Corps, British Army, from 1942-1945, and Andrzej served as a specially trained paratrooper in the 3rd Carpathian Rifle Division, 2nd Polish Corps, British Army during World War II. When Edward was 19, he left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 for Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was exiled to a gulag by Soviet security police. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released in an amnesty of Polish prisoners. He joined the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they joined the British 8th Army in Italy. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for heroism in the Battle of Monte Cassino. They celebrated VE Day, May 8, 1945, in Italy. Edward learned that his mother died in Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years, completed his degree, and eventually set up his own architecture firm, where Andrew Sluzewski worked.

Date
received:  after 1945-before 1967
Geography
received: England
Language
Polish
English
Classification
Military Insignia
Category
Badges
Object Type
Lapel pins (aat)
Genre/Form
Badges.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:59
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn61163