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Central and Eastern Europe, Frontiers as of September 1943 , Sheet E/43E-Sheet F

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.25

Topographical silk escape map of Germany with September 1943 borders owned by Edward Herzbaum, a soldier in the 5th Kresowa Infantry Division, 2nd Polish Corps, British Army, from 1942-1945. The front details the region between northern Italy and Germany; the reverse continues to Germany, including Poland, which is marked as German territory. Escape and evasion maps were issued to help troops find their way to safety if caught behind enemy lines. Silk maps were easy to conceal, could withstand wet weather and wear, and made no noise in use. Edward, age 19, left Łódź, Poland, after Germany invaded in September 1939 for Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was exiled to a gulag by Soviet secret police. After Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, he was released in an amnesty of Polish prisoners. He joined join Anders Army, a volunteer Polish military unit. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they joined the 8th British Army in Italy. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for heroism in the Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on VE Day, May 8, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother died in Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

issue:  approximately 1943 September
manufacture: Great Britain
Information Forms
Object Type
Military maps (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2021-03-01 10:16:01
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