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Pencil portrait of three soldiers sleeping on a ship deck by a Jewish veteran, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.113

Pencil drawing of three uniformed soldiers sleeping on board the SS Marine Raven created by Edward Herzbaum on November 4, 1946, during the voyage from Italy to England with other veterans of the 2nd Polish Corps. The Corps, a unit of the British Army, was in Italy when the war ended May 7, 1945. In October 1946, the British government finally granted the veterans permission to immigrate to England. Edward served as a soldier in the 5th Kresowa Infantry Division. Edward, age 19, left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army, a volunteer Polish military unit. In August 1942, the Army left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the 8th British Army in the Italian Campaign. They fought their way north and were honored for their bravery in the May 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Łódź Ghetto in 1943. After the war, he resumed the study of architecture in Rome until leaving for England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
Soldiers asleep on the SS Marine Raven, November 4, 1946
creation:  1946 November 04
depiction: SS Marine Raven (Ship);
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2021-03-01 10:30:48
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