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Watercolor of a green valley near mountain lookout created by a Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.30

Watercolor of a distant green valley viewed between two mountains created by 22 year old Edward Herzbaum in late May 1942 in Susok Dzhalalabad Blagoveshchenskoye, Soviet Union, (now Blagoveshenka, Kyrgyzstan]. When assigned to lookout duty, he would climb very high up in the mountains enjoy this view. Edward was with the Polish Armed Forces of the East, later the 2nd Polish Corps, traveling south toward British territory in Iraq. Edward, age 19, left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, Edward was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part of an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the voluntary Polish Army of the East, newly formed and known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the 8th British Army in the Italian Campaign. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for heroism in the 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on May 7, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
View from the Lookout, Susok, May 28, 1942
creation:  1942 May 28
creation: Susok (Dzahalal-Abad (Kyrgyzstan) (historic}; Susak (Jalal-Abad (Kyrgyzstan)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2021-03-08 15:47:39
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