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Occupation currency note, 500 Karbowanez, acquired by Jewish soldier, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.174

Germany occupation currency note, 500 karbowanez, issued in March 1942 in Rovno in German occupied eastern Poland (Rivne, Ukraine) acquired by Edward Herzbaum, a soldier in the 2nd Polish Corps from 1942-1945. Edward, 19, left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 for Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was exiled to a gulag by Soviet security police. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released in an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they joined the British 8th Army in the Italian Campaign. The Corps fought their way north and was honored for its heroism in the 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on VE May 8, 1945. Edward learned that his mother had died in Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He resumed the study of architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

issue:  1942 March 10
issue: Rovno (Poland), historic; Rivne (Zakarpatska oblast, Ukraine)
Exchange Media
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2023-08-25 12:47:44
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