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Double sided studies of nudes and building elevations by Jewish veteran, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.134

Gesture drawings of female nudes drawn on the back of an architecture class assignment by Edward Herzbaum during life drawing classes in August-September 1949 in Paris, France. During World War II, Edward was a soldier in the Polish Army of the East, which became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. Edward, 19, left Łódź, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 for Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was exiled to a gulag by Soviet security police. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released in an amnesty of Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps. In February 1944, they joined the British 8th Army in Italy. The Corps fought their way north and was honored for its heroic service in the May 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on May 7, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in Łódź Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to immigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
Studies: a. Building elevations; b. Reclining female nudes, 1949
creation:  1949 August-1949 September
creation: Paris (France)
Object Type
Life drawings (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
Record last modified: 2023-08-25 12:47:48
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