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Architectural study of Pazzi Chapel by a Jewish veteran, 2nd Polish Corps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.471.143

Drawing of the Pazzi Chapel in the Basilica of Sante Croce in Florence, Italy, created by Edward Herzbaum in August 1946. During the war, Edward served as a soldier in the Polish Army of the East which became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army, from 1941-1945. Edward, 19, left Lodz, Poland, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied the country in September 1939 to stay with family in Soviet controlled Lvov. In June 1940, he was arrested by Soviet security police and exiled to a forced labor camp. Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Edward was released as part of an amnesty granted to Polish prisoners. He headed south to join the Polish Army of the East, known as Anders Army, a volunteer Polish military unit. In August 1942, the unit left Soviet territory and became the 2nd Polish Corps, British Army. In February 1944, they deployed to join the British 8th Army in the Italian Campaign. The Corps fought its way north and was honored for bravery in the May 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. They were in Italy on May 8, 1945, when the war ended. Edward learned that his mother had died in the Lodz Ghetto in 1943. He studied architecture in Rome until the British decided to allow Polish Corps veterans to emigrate to England in October 1946. He then served in the Polish Resettlement Corps for two years and completed his degree.

Artwork Title
Capella Pazzi, St. Croce, Florence
Date
1946 August 18  (creation)
Geography
depiction : Cappella Pazzi (Santa Croce (Church : Florence, Italy));
creation : Florence (Italy)
Language
Italian
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Krystyna Mew
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:26:52
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn79289